Types and Variations of Viking Battle Axes

Types and Variations of Viking Battle Axes

Introduction: Viking battle axes, iconic weapons of the fierce Norse warriors, came in various forms, each tailored to specific combat scenarios and personal preferences. This overview explores the diverse types and variations of vikingská sekera, showcasing the adaptability and ingenuity of these weapons during the Viking Age.

  1. One-Handed Battle Axe:
  • The one-handed battle axe was a versatile and common variation used by Viking warriors.
  • It featured a compact and lightweight design, ideal for swift strikes and maneuverability in close-quarters combat.
  • One-handed battle axes often had shorter hafts, measuring around 30 to 60 centimeters (12 to 24 inches), allowing for agile use in both offense and defense.
  • These axes were favored by Viking raiders and skirmishers, as they provided ease of use and were suitable for swift surprise attacks.
  1. Dane Axe:
  • The Dane axe, also known as the “Danish axe,” was a two-handed variant that gained popularity during the late Viking Age.
  • Characterized by its longer haft, measuring around 150 to 180 centimeters (59 to 71 inches), the Dane axe offered extended reach and devastating cutting power.
  • This type of battle axe was primarily used by elite Viking warriors and huscarls, who were highly trained and physically adept.
  • The Dane axe was a symbol of prestige and strength, often reserved for prominent chieftains and skilled champions.

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  1. Bearded Axe:
  • The bearded axe was named for its distinctive blade shape, resembling a beard-like extension at the bottom of the blade.
  • This type of battle axe offered a wider cutting edge, enabling more efficient slashing and hooking techniques in combat.
  • Bearded axes were well-suited for both one-handed and two-handed use, providing flexibility in various battle situations.
  • Viking warriors appreciated the bearded axe for its ability to deliver devastating strikes while maintaining excellent control.
  1. Mammen Axe:
  • The Mammen axe represented a unique and ornate variation, showcasing intricate artwork and craftsmanship on the haft and blade.
  • Named after the Mammen village in Denmark, this axe was an artistic masterpiece, often carried by wealthy or high-ranking Vikings as a symbol of prestige.
  • The Mammen axe was typically a one-handed weapon, featuring a compact yet finely decorated design, making it an ideal choice for display or ceremonial purposes.


The types and variations of vikingská sekera exemplify the Norse warriors’ ingenuity and adaptability in combat. From the swift and versatile one-handed battle axe to the prestigious and powerful Dane axe, these weapons played a significant role in Viking warfare and cultural identity. Whether on the battlefield or as symbols of status, Viking battle axes remain a lasting testament to the prowess and artistry of the legendary Northmen.

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